Sir Winston Leonard Spencer-Churchill, KG, OM, CH, TD, PC, PCc, DL, FRS, RA (30 November 1874 – 24 January 1965) was
a British statesman who served as the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1940 to 1945 and again from 1951 to 1955. As Prime Minister,
Churchill led Britain to victory over Nazi Germany during World War II. Churchill was also an officer in the British Army, a non-academic
historian, and a writer, the fact that won him the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1953 for his overall, lifetime body of work.